Ever since social media and smartphones captured the imagination of a billion people, we’ve seen a rash of new career fields that never existed before. Many of you, no doubt, have jumped on these opportunities with fad-like fervor. And therein lies the rub. You’re far from alone.
These fields are now flooded. The problem, as many have already learned, is that if it’s easy—if the barriers and costs to entry are low—then anyone can do it. And that’s exactly what’s happening. Not just anyone, but anyone and everyone. And that means heavy competition, no pricing power, slim profit margins, and low income.
If all it takes is some online classes, a certificate, a seminar, a self-help book, and a website to proclaim that you’re the best darn, award-winning, best-selling, guru, expert, or whatever, you can bet that a flood of other people with no real marketable skill or expertise will go for it. And they have.
And when it comes to fads, you can always count on one thing: they will come, and they will go. Granted, fads may gain viral traction in the blink of an eye, but once people discover that there’s nothing to them—that they really are all hype—they vanish just as quickly as they appeared.
Don’t get me wrong. There are legitimate experts in every field, even some of these, but if you’re not a top performer, you might want to reconsider your future in these faddish gigs.
1. Professional coaching
There are coaches for everything: leadership, strengths, performance, career, fitness, family, holistic, happiness, and, of course, life. There are even coaches who coach people on becoming coaches. And no, I’m not making that up. The vast majority have three things in common: a worthless certificate, no real expertise, and a lousy business.
2. Emotional intelligence consulting
There is no scientific correlation between emotional quotient and job success. If emotional intelligence was a requirement for business leadership, then Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg, Larry Page, Mark Cuban, and Donald Trump would never have made it big. Besides, the emotional intelligence test is so easy to game, it isn’t funny.
3. Working in the gig economy
Driving an Uber cab, renting out a room on Airbnb, selling used stuff on eBay or generating online content for peanuts are definitely not high-paying gigs. While the self-employed make up 17% of the US workforce, they generate just 7% of the nation’s gross domestic product. This is why we have a productivity crisis in America—we have a growing slacker economy.
4. Millennial consulting
Maybe millennials are self-centered and entitled. So was I at that age. Then something happened. I grew up. At some point, everyone will wake up and realize that young people are childish and egocentric. Then they mature. Besides, with median employee ages between 28 and 30, Google, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Salesforce do not seem to be having much trouble getting their millennials to perform.
5. Employee engagement consulting
Gallup has done a marvelous job turning useless employee surveys into a checkbox for every HR executive. In reality, employee engagement is just employee satisfaction 2.0. The most successful companies on earth do not need employee engagement consultants to create cultures where their most valuable assets, their people, thrive.
Everyone and his brother claims to be a best-selling author these days. I don’t care if you were number 499 for a few nanoseconds in some narrow category of an esoteric list, if your Amazon bestseller rank is over 1,000,000 you are not a best-selling author. Published authors can get away with self-publishing. Amateurs cannot.
7. Content marketing
The web is so flooded with blogs, posts, tweets, shares, and videos that the return on investment for social media and content marketing is practically negligible. And having tons of followers on Twitter or LinkedIn rarely translates into meaningful results for most businesses. Do not even get me started on personal branding gurus.
If you want to achieve great things in life, loving your work is not enough. Working long hours is not enough. What you do also has to be marketable. All the passion and inspiration in the world will not overcome the laws of supply and demand. If it is easy and everyone is doing it, your chances of getting anywhere are somewhere between slim and none.
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This article originally appeared on Entrepreneur.com. Minor edits have been done by the Entrepreneur.com.ph editors.
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